IKU Publication


Foreign Direct Investment in R&D: skin-deep and soul-deep co-operation

The new categories of 'skin-deep' and 'soul-deep' cooperation introduced in this paper offer good tools to determine whether penetration of foreign direct investment (FDI) in R&D is able to speed up the transformation of the Hungarian system of innovation.

Attempts to Survey Innovation in the Hungarian Service Sector

A survey of innovation in the service sector presents a great challenge even to the advanced economies and the Hungarian attempt is among the first to test internationally harmonised innovation surveys whilst focusing on the service sector as it functions in a transition economy.

The evolution of university?industry?government relationships during transition

This paper deals with the transformation of relationships between business and universities, as reflected in government programmes and in the innovation activities of firms, in a transition economy, Hungary.


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